How to build private cloud

使用第三方云盘系统会受网速限制、空间限制等等,如果要解除这些限制需要购买会员,这个时候我们自己搭建个私有云盘,就可以解决这种问题

1、配置php文件

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vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
//将user 和 group 赋值为 nginx
user = nginx
group = nginx

2、将以下内容取消注释

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env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME
env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
env[TMP] = /tmp
env[TMPDIR] = /tmp
env[TEMP] = /tmp

3、在 /var/lib/ 目录下创建一个新的文件夹 session,并将其拥有者变更为 nginx 用户

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mkdir -p /var/lib/php/session
chown nginx:nginx -R /var/lib/php/session/

3、
启动 php-fpm 和 Nginx,并且将它们设置为随开机启动的服务

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sudo systemctl start php-fpm
sudo systemctl start nginx
sudo systemctl enable php-fpm
sudo systemctl enable nginx

4、下载安装并配置数据库

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yum -y install mariadb mariadb-server  
systemctl start mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb
mysql_secure_installation

Set root password? [Y/n] Y
New password:
Re-enter new password:

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y
mysql -uroot -p   //登陆数据库
grant all on *.* to 'root'@'%' identified by '123456'
update mysql.user set Grant_priv='Y' where Host='%'
//添加允许远程访问的用户
systemctl restart mariadb
//重启数据库

5、下载并nextcloud 解压

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wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-15.0.5.zip  
unzip nextcloud-15.0.5.zip

6、赋予nextcloud文件夹nginx权限

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chown nginx:nginx -R nextcloud/

7、配置nginx文件

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touch nextcloud.conf  
vi nextcloud.conf

8、将以下内容粘贴复制进去
(详见 https://docs.nextcloud.com/server/15/admin_manual/installation/nginx.html)

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 upstream php-handler {
server 127.0.0.1:9000;
#server unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
}

server {
listen 80;
listen [::]:80;
server_name cloud.example.com;
//这里填写域名或者服务器IP地址

# enforce https
return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}

server {
listen 443 ssl http2;
listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
server_name cloud.example.com;
// 这里填写域名或者服务器IP地址

# Use Mozilla's guidelines for SSL/TLS settings
# https://mozilla.github.io/server-side-tls/ssl-config-generator/
# NOTE: some settings below might be redundant
ssl_certificate /etc/ssl/nginx/cloud.example.com.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /etc/ssl/nginx/cloud.example.com.key;
// 上面两条指向SSL存放的位置

# Add headers to serve security related headers
# Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read into this
# topic first.
# add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;";
#
# WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
# the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
# will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
# in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
# could take several months.
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
add_header Referrer-Policy no-referrer;

# Remove X-Powered-By, which is an information leak
fastcgi_hide_header X-Powered-By;

# Path to the root of your installation
root /var/www/nextcloud/;

location = /robots.txt {
allow all;
log_not_found off;
access_log off;
}

# The following 2 rules are only needed for the user_webfinger app.
# Uncomment it if you're planning to use this app.
#rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta /public.php?service=host-meta last;
#rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta.json /public.php?service=host-meta-json last;

# The following rule is only needed for the Social app.
# Uncomment it if you're planning to use this app.
# rewrite ^/.well-known/webfinger /public.php?service=webfinger last;

location = /.well-known/carddav {
return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
}
location = /.well-known/caldav {
return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
}

# set max upload size
client_max_body_size 512M;
fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

# Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
gzip on;
gzip_vary on;
gzip_comp_level 4;
gzip_min_length 256;
gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;

# Uncomment if your server is build with the ngx_pagespeed module
# This module is currently not supported.
#pagespeed off;

location / {
rewrite ^ /index.php$request_uri;
}

location ~ ^\/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)\/ {
deny all;
}
location ~ ^\/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
deny all;
}

location ~ ^\/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core\/ajax\/update|status|ocs\/v[12]|updater\/.+|oc[ms]-provider\/.+)\.php(?:$|\/) {
fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(\/.*|)$;
include fastcgi_params;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
#Avoid sending the security headers twice
fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
fastcgi_pass php-handler;
fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
fastcgi_request_buffering off;
}

location ~ ^\/(?:updater|oc[ms]-provider)(?:$|\/) {
try_files $uri/ =404;
index index.php;
}

# Adding the cache control header for js and css files
# Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
location ~ \.(?:css|js|woff2?|svg|gif)$ {
try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=15778463";
# Add headers to serve security related headers (It is intended to
# have those duplicated to the ones above)
# Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read into
# this topic first.
# add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;";
#
# WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
# the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
# will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
# in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
# could take several months.
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
add_header Referrer-Policy no-referrer;

# Optional: Don't log access to assets
access_log off;
}

location ~ \.(?:png|html|ttf|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
# Optional: Don't log access to other assets
access_log off;
}
}

9、重启php-fpm、nginx、mariadb

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systemctl restart php-fpm nginx mariadb

打开网站按照提示进行配置即可

文章目录
  1. 1. 使用第三方云盘系统会受网速限制、空间限制等等,如果要解除这些限制需要购买会员,这个时候我们自己搭建个私有云盘,就可以解决这种问题


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